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Chad Facts Chad Flag Chad Map

Chad Map
current time and date
currency: Central African CFA Franc (XAF)
Official languages
Life expectancy
Literacy rate
National anthem
Internet TLD & calling code:
Coat of arms
Chad profile

Lake Chad is the most significant water body in the Sahel
Chad history
Chad, part of France's African holdings until 1960, endured three decades of civil warfare as well as invasions by Libya before a semblance of peace was finally restored in 1990. The government eventually drafted a democratic constitution and held flawed presidential elections in 1996 and 2001. In 1998, a rebellion broke out in northern Chad, which has sporadically flared up despite several peace agreements between the government and the insurgents. In 2005, new rebel groups emerged in western Sudan and made probing attacks into eastern Chad despite signing peace agreements in December 2006 and October 2007. In June 2005, President Idriss DEBY held a referendum successfully removing constitutional term limits and won another controversial election in 2006. Sporadic rebel campaigns continued throughout 2006 and 2007. The capital experienced a significant insurrection in early 2008, but has had no significant rebel threats since then, in part due to Chad's 2010 rapprochement with Sudan, which previously used Chadian rebels as proxies. DEBY in 2011 was reelected to his fourth term in an election that international observers described as proceeding without incident. Power remains in the hands of an ethnic minority.
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Conventional long form: Republic of Chad

Conventional short form: Chad

Local long form: Republique du Tchad/Jumhuriyat Tshad

Local short form: Tchad/Tshad
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Chad's capital city is N'Djamena
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Chad Constitution:

passed by referendum 31 March 1996;

a June 2005 referendum removed constitutional term limits
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Chad population growth rate: 1.98%
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Chad highest point: Emi Koussi 3,415 m
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Chad lowest point: Djourab 160 m
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About 3% of Chad's land is arable.
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Chari River is the Longest River in Chad
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Chad birth rate is 39 births/1,000 population
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Chad infant mortality rate is 94 deaths/1,000 live births
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Chad fertility rate is 4.8 children born/woman
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Chad climate:

tropical in south, desert in north
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Top 10 cities of Chad with populations (2012 est.) are:
1. N'Djamena: 721,081
2. Moundou: 135,167
3. Sarh: 102,528
4. Abéché: 74,188
5. Kélo: 42,533
6. Koumra: 36,263
7. Pala, Chad: 35,466
8. Am Timan: 28,885
9. Bongor: 27,770
10. Mongo, Chad: 27,763
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Chad ethnic groups:

Sara - 27.7%

Arab - 12.3%

Mayo-Kebbi - 11.5%

Kanem-Bornou - 9%

Ouaddai - 8.7%

Hadjarai - 6.7%

Tandjile - 6.5%

Gorane - 6.3%

Fitri-Batha - 4.7%

other - 6.4%

unknown - 0.3%
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Chad Exports:

gum arabic
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Chad Imports:

machinery and transportation equipment
industrial goods
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unicameral National Assembly (188 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)

Administrative Divisions:
22 regions (regions, singular - region)

1. Barh el Gazel
2. Batha
3. Borkou
4. Chari-Baguirmi
5. Ennedi
6. Guera
7. Hadjer-Lamis
8. Kanem
9. Lac
10. Logone Occidental
11. Logone Oriental
12. Mandoul
13. Mayo-Kebbi Est
14. Mayo-Kebbi Ouest
15. Moyen-Chari
16. Ouaddai
17. Salamat
18. Sila
19. Tandjile
20. Tibesti
21. Ville de N'Djamena
22. Wadi Fira
Political parties and leaders:
Alliance for the Renaissance of Chad (ART), an alliance among the ruling MPS, RDP, and Viva-RNDP

Federation Action for the Republic (FAR) - Ngarledjy YORONGAR

National Rally for Development and Progress (Viva-RNDP) - Delwa Kassire KOUMAKOYE

National Union for Democracy and Renewal (UNDR) - Saleh KEBZABO

Party for Liberty and Development (PLD) - Ibni Oumar Mahamat SALEH

Patriotic Salvation Movement (MPS) - Mahamat Saleh AHMAT, chairman

Rally for Democracy and Progress (RDP) - Lol Mahamat CHOUA

Union for Renewal and Democracy (URD) - Gen. Wadal Abdelkader KAMOUGUE